He would participate in the victory over the Duke of Monmouth at Sedgemoor. In he was at the battle of Landen, where he received several wounds and had his horse shot out from under him. In , he was declared Capt. But after the accession of George I, his Grace was impeached in for high treason for supporting the accession of the son of the exiled Catholic James II ie. He died in exile in France in and his remains interred in the family vault in Westminster Abbey. James 2nd Duke of Ormonde. Kilkenny IGI record. Their brother, Black Tom, came back to Ireland to sort out the matter and returned to Court when their allegiance was finally restored.
NB: all of above born to The various lines descending from these seven sons of the 9 th Earl of Ormond populated the Counties of Tipperary and Kilkenny and can be traced to some extent through the Butler Testamentary Records Wills. After the great Desmond rebellion Fitzgeralds again of the Butlers were given large tracts of land in the Barony of Clanwilliam along both banks of the River Suir.
These Tipperary lands belonged to the Desmonds and the Burkes. The Earl of Ormond divided these new possessions among his kinsmen.
Grantstown, Kilmoyler, Ballycarron and Derrycloney were estates thus given out in the division. These lands were a few miles west and south of Cashel. Today Kilkenny Castle stands as a monument to this remarkable family and Kilkenny city owes its existence to them. What was probably one of the most extraordinary facets of the Butlers was the fact that they were most prolific and their many sub branches included the Butlers of Mountgarrett, the Butlers of Dunboyne, the Butlers of Carrick and numerous less well-known branches.
The fact that they managed to survive the Cromwellian carve up of Catholic lands is a tribute to their tenacity and intelligence. War Cry: Butler Aboo- ie. Hervey was appointed papal nuncio envoy to the Papal Court for the Archbishop of Canterbury between and However, this is not a proven fact, and is disputed by some researchers, including Butler family historians and researchers the late Lord Dunboyne and Theobald Blake Butler. Walter proved to bee the ancient surname of this family from the time of King William the Conqueror, until the time that Edmund Walter, 6 th Butler of Ireland was created Earle of Carrick, when the addition of surname, according to the custome which is now also used was omitted.
Walter proved to be used as the surname of this family for seven generations in a direct line, and also proved not only to the surname, but also to be used as the surname of this family in several collateral lines. Roberts then goes on to explain how, therefore, Theobald Walter and Hubert Walter descended from a line of Walters dating back to the time of William the Conqueror, and could not have descended from Becket ancestry.
The first of this line named Hervey Hervius Walter must have been born sometime before A. William Malet accompanied William the Conqueror in He came from Graville de St. Honorine in Normandy, son of Gilbert Malet and an English woman. He was given lands in Yorkshire and made sheriff of York, and held lands in Suffolk and Norfolk. In the Domesday book, a Walter and a Robert de Glanville were under-tenants of Robert Malet, and were the two largest landowners in Suffolk. However, there were eighteen Walters also named as smaller under tenants, in Suffolk, as Walter appears to have been a common Norman name.
Although there have been a few other candidates suggested through the centuries, none of these have been confirmed as most likely. Therefore, we will begin with the first known in the Butler line- Hervey Walter of Weeton, Lancashire. Hervey Hervius Walter had a son, also named Hervey Walter.
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During the Crusade, Hubert was one of three of Richard's closest confidants. Three pilgrimages were organised, one of which was led by the Bishop of Salisbury Hubert who was accorded the honour of a personal audience with Salah al-Din who told him that Richard had great courage but he was too reckless with his own life. This had led to his legendary reputation amongst the Muslim enemy. Hubert later governed England ably. He died in in his manner of Teyham.
Statue of Hubert Walter on Cantebury Cathedral. The said Hubert Walter rose to his preferments by the very same steps that many famous princes of the Royall blood rose to the like preferments. The office of Butler of England and Butler of Ireland discoursed of, and showne, and also how that the prime Earle of England when the title of Earle was the next title to the Prince, there being noe Duke or Marquess created in England long after that time was Butler of England when Theobald Walter was made Butler of Ireland. The great honour of the office of Butler of England or Ireland, and the great revenues enjoyed by reason of the said offices.
What services at solemn coronations, and never else, are to bee performed by any person being Butler of England or Ireland, and the great reward of that dayes service.
Theobald Walter, first Butler of Ireland, proved to bee an honorary and Parliamentary Baron both in England and Ireland, and also all the heyres males, in the direct line descending from him, unto the time that Edmund Walter 6 th Butler of Ireland, was created Earle of Carrick, were also honorary and Parliamentary Barons, and had as much priviledge, to sitt and vote in Parliaments in England and Ireland, as any nobleman in England or Ireland hath, at this present.
Roberts continues to outline the Royal connections to this family, and states:. And soe, as all the Earles of Ormond from the first, have descended out of the loynes of Kings of England, soe have severall Queens of England descended out of their loynes viz. Edmund Walter, Earl of Carrick, father to the first Earle of Ormond, and five Earles of Ormond in a direct line, successively following him, were all chiefe Governours of Ireland either by style of Custos Hiberniae, Justiciarius Hiberniae, locum teneus Hiberniae, or Deputatus Hiberniae.
Severall of the ancestors of the said Earle of Carrick, Chiefe Governors of Ireland, by the style of Justice of Ireland, before any of this family was an Earle. Pierce, Earl of Ormond 8 th and Ossory, was twice Lord Deputy of Ireland, and in James 9 th his life time the statute was made that non Irishmen borne should be chosen Governor of Ireland, viz. Justice of Ireland.
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Roberts concludes his introduction by saying:. But it should not be forgotten that the Butlers had been important tenants in Leinster since c. Gowran, the smallest, included some 44, acres of prime arable land, was strategically placed, and was probably the most important fief in the liberty of Kilkenny. The Butlers were consequently well placed to fill the political vacuum created by the absentee lords in the fourteenth century.
According to A. Some time after King Henry II granted him the presage of wines to enable him and his heirs the better to support the dignity of that office. Theobald accompanied John on his progress through Munster and Leinster. At this time he was granted a large section of the north-eastern part of the Kingdom of Leinster. Theobald was rewarded with the office of sheriff of Lancaster, which he held until Christmas of He was again sheriff after John took the throne in In early John deprived Theobald of all his offices and lands because of his irregularities as sheriff.
His lands were not restored until January Joliffe, J. He died between 4 August and 14 February and was buried at Owney Abbey. They acquired Kilkenny Castle in from the Despenser property, which became the seat of the Butlers until it was handed to the people of Kilkenny in It should be noted that there are many English Butler families that have not descended from this line, and some may have descended from the name Pincerna, which is Latin for butler.
However we are only interested in the Irish line of Butlers, which is discussed in this document.
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The title of Chief Butler of Ireland came with certain privileges-. The right of prisage of wines, viz. William despised all of the trappings and expense associated with the coronation ceremony, and greatly simplified it. The greatest concentration of Butlers was in the counties of Kilkenny, the seat of the Butlers, and Tipperary, where large tracts of lands were granted, particularly of church property following the reformation ie.
Over the period to around , the 8 th , 9 th and 10 th earls enjoyed their greatest power, controlling vast areas of southern Ireland. He was granted the regalities and liberties of Co. Tipperary, ie. Successive earls became increasingly powerful and intermarried with the daughters of titled men of power and influence, and the clan continued to wield considerable power in Ireland and England for a further years.
James the 9 th Earl of Ormond died from food poisoning after a banquet at Holburn London, and his son Thomas, a minor at the time, was brought up in the court of King Henry VIII as a companion to the young heir Edward, and was thus brought up in the Protestant faith. Black Tom died at the grand age of 83 in , and it would appear, rediscovered his Catholic faith just before his death.
In , after many years of exclusion from power, and the persecution of Catholics that followed their faith, the Catholics of Ireland met in Kilkenny and, although supportive of the monarchy, formed an alternative government to the English appointed Irish government, named the Catholic Confederation of Kilkenny, and a full scale rebellion against English Parliamentary rule ensued. He brokered several peace treaties with the Confederates, none of which held. However, Cromwell invaded Ireland in which saw the end of the Irish Catholic Confederate Parliament and the exile to the Continent of thousands of Irish aristocracy and gentry, many joining the Court in exile of Charles II.
After this confiscation of lands by firstly the Protestant Tudors and then by Cromwell, many Butler families were transplanted to Clare and counties in Connaught Mayo, Galway, Roscommon and Leitrim, etc.
He wielded enormous power as Lord Lieutenant of Ireland. His vast lands were restored to him, and some of the remaining confiscated Butler lands were also granted to Ormonde. By the restored Duke of Ormonde had increased his extensive holdings from 55, plantation acres to 58, acres in Kilkenny. However, Cromwellian grantees benefitted greatly from the dismantling of the lands of the many of the lessor Butler branches.
The majority of re-allocated lands remained with their new Protestant owners following the restoration, resulting in long-lasting hatred and resentment that would have repercussions down to the Rebellion and even the fairly recent conflicts in Northern Ireland stem from this original clash of religious faith and the resultant political power struggle. The consequences proved catastrophic. In , with the support of the English Parliament who feared a return to the old religious persecutions of Protestants by a Catholic King, James II was deposed by his daughter Mary and her Protestant Dutch husband William.
The Irish Catholics rallied to his cause and raised a sizeable if not experienced Irish army. After the Battle of the Boyne in , James fled to France, but his Irish forces continued until their defeat at Aughrim and finally at Limerick in Further severe restrictions were placed on them by William and his successor Queen Ann, known as the Penal Acts, which reduced many families to poverty. Crest of Butler. Various other titles have branched off the Chief Butler or Ormond line :. The Various Butler Branches. Over the centuries a number of junior titles were granted to various younger sons of the Chief Butlers and the Earls of Ormond, and even to their illegitimate children, and these aristocratic lines were granted large areas of land throughout southern Ireland and intermarried with the senior Ormond line.